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A Bill is a draft law. Once a Bill has been considered and passed by the Assembly and given Royal Assent by the Monarch, it becomes an ‘Act of the Assembly’. The Assembly is able to pass Acts on any matters that are not reserved to the UK Parliament by the Government of Wales Act 2006 (as amended by the Wales Act 2017).

In this sectionBusiness Papers on table

Guide to the Legislative Process

How the legislative process in the Assembly works, including information on the Stages of Bills and guidance documents which explain the matters that are not reserved to the UK Parliament by  the Government of Wales Act 2006 (as amended by the Wales Act 2017).

Assembly Acts

This page provides summary information on all Assembly Acts during the Fifth Assembly (from May 2016).

Progress of Assembly Bills

View the current status of all Assembly Bills.

Subordinate Legislation

Subordinate legislation is the laws brought forward by Ministers under powers delegated by an Act or Measure of the Assembly or by an Act of Parliament.

Ballots for Bills

The Presiding Officer must from time to time hold a Ballot to determine the name of a Member, other than a Member of the Government, who may seek agreement to introduce a Members’ Bill.

Proposed Members’ Bills

A Members’ Bill is a Bill introduced by an individual Assembly Member. Members’ Bills are distinct from Bills (introduced by the Welsh Government), Committee Bills (introduced by a committee) and Commission Bills (introduced by the Assembly Commission).

Legislative Consent

When the UK Parliament wishes to legislate on a subject matter which has already been devolved to the National Assembly for Wales, convention requires it to receive the consent of the Assembly before it may pass the legislation in question. Such consent is given by the Assembly through Legislative Consent Motions (LCMs).


Progress of current Legislation

Guidance on Legislation

Read the current guidance on submission and scrutiny of Legislation.

Progress of Assembly Bills

​View the progress of Assembly Bills currently under scrutiny at the Assembly

Text of Acts as passed

The text of Assembly Acts and the UK Bills they amend ​are available on the website



Previous Assembly Business​​

Acts in the Fourth Assembly (2011-2016)

​Since May 2011, the Assembly's primary legislation has taken the form of Acts. The Assembly's legislative competence was also significantly expanded.

Measures in the Third ​​​​Assembly (2007-2011)

New legislative powers were conferred on the Assembly at the start of the Third Assembly in May 2007. The Assembly could pass "Measures" in areas where it had legislative competence.

Statutory Instruments in the First and Second ​Assembly

When the Assembly was first formed its only powers to legislate were through the passing of Statutory Instruments.




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