Reserved Powers Model for Wales
The Wales Act 2017 amended the Government of Wales Act 2006 by providing for a new devolution settlement for Wales. The Reserved Powers Model established by the 2017 Act allows the Assembly to legislate on matters that are not reserved to the UK Parliament.
There are still a number of legal tests that must be passed under the Reserved Powers Model, for example, Acts of the Assembly must not relate to any reserved matter set out in the new Schedule 7A of the 2006 Act (such as modern slavery, electricity, road and rail transport, medicines). Many of the ‘silent subjects’ under the old Schedule 7 of the 2006 Act are now expressly reserved, for example, employment, immigration and defence of the realm. Also, Assembly Acts must not breach any of the restrictions set out in the new Schedule 7B of the 2006 Act, for example that Assembly Acts must not modify private law (such as contract, tort, property) unless it is for a devolved purpose, or modify certain criminal offences (such as serious offences against the person and any sexual offences).
From 5 May 2011 to 1 April 2017, the National Assembly for Wales considered Assembly Bills on a list of subjects under a number of subject matters. Schedule 7 set out the extent of the Assembly's legislative competence by listing 21 broad subject areas.
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